Comment la dernière mission de la NASA sur Mars pourrait changer notre avenir

Dans le cadre de la dernière mission de la NASA sur Mars, un nouveau rover nommé Persévérance a atterri sur la planète rouge le 18 février de cette année, après un voyage de près de sept mois à partir de la Terre. Depuis l'atterrissage, il a renvoyé des images et des données étonnantes du site d'atterrissage.

Le rover Perseverance est un robot à six roues qui pèse environ 2 260 livres (1 025 kilogrammes). Il dispose de sept instruments, de deux microphones et de 23 caméras au total. Il est équipé d'une foreuse qui peut collecter des échantillons importants de certaines des roches les plus prometteuses et les mettre de côté dans une "cache" à la surface de Mars. Une future mission pourrait éventuellement ramener ces échantillons sur Terre pour que les scientifiques les analysent dans des laboratoires dotés d'un équipement spécial qui serait trop volumineux pour être transporté sur Mars.

La mission donne également l'occasion de rassembler des connaissances et d'utiliser des technologies qui mettent en lumière les défis des futures expéditions humaines sur Mars. Cela comprend le test d'une méthode de production d'oxygène sur Mars et l'identification de la poussière, des conditions météorologiques et d'autres conditions environnementales susceptibles d'avoir un impact sur les astronautes lorsqu'ils travailleront sur la planète rouge à l'avenir.

After just over a month on Mars, Perseverance rover has found no sign of previously existing life on the planet yet, but rocks found at the landing site show signs of having been shaped by wind and water.

If Perseverance succeeds in showing concrete scientific results during its planned 2 years of life in this mission, it may serve as a huge breakthrough for the exploration of Mars. It could support previous findings of water, methane, and organics and provide more evidence of former life and habitability. It also serves as a preparation for future human missions as early as in the next few decades.

It took the passionate Perseverance team years of work to make this mission happen. Many science fields had to be integrated in such a team for success and we see that not only physics, geology and astronomy, but also engineering sciences played a great role in putting together such a complicated machine as the Perseverance rover. The ways in which the rover moves and its robotic arms work, or how its sensors operate, were all planned and executed by dedicated expert systems and mechanical engineers who make extensive use of programming, robotics, and special computer-controlled simulation methods in their work. Without them, this mission could not have been successful.

Today’s kids are tomorrow’s astronautical engineers

Although our children aren’t prepared for such NASA missions as Perseverance yet, we can still inspire them by trying themselves in various science fields that NASA professionals practice every day. Logiscool is prepared to ignite the rockets of interest in children and launch them towards their future aerospace careers with our exciting 5-day daytime and online camps! A great start is our Minecraft Mars Mission camp, where children can try and experience with engineering on the Red Planet in a computer-simulated environment. Logiscool robotics camps such as Lego, mBot or Cozmo camps are all a nice kick-off to plan robotic arms for spacecrafts in the future. Intensive programming camps and other coding related camps, such as our Kodu 3D, Android App, or Artificial intelligence camps, open new future possibilities for children to plan and execute programs running on any machine, including space ones. Get your child excited for space engineering with us! You can find more information on our wide range of programming and digital literacy related camps for future astronautical engineers here: https://www.logiscool.com/ca-fr/camps-2021 

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